Automated Form Filling With Playwright And Faker.js

Modern web development requires automated testing for functionality, performance, and reliability. Automating repetitive tasks lets developers and testers focus on harder problems, improve software quality, and shorten development cycles.  Automation testing finds bugs early in development, ensures the app meets requirements, and behaves as expected across devices and environments.

Overview of Playwright

The open-source browser automation library Microsoft Playwright lets developers and testers test web apps by automating browser interactions. Its high-level API controls headless or real browsers for page navigation, form filling, link clicking, and screenshot capture.

Playwright simplifies testing by working with all major browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Edge, and WebKit, without browser-specific scripts.

Here are some of the key features of playwright –

  • Cross-Browser Support: Playwright supports automation in all major browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari (WebKit), and Edge, using a single API. This allows for consistent testing experiences across browsers and simplifies the development of cross-browser testing scripts.
  • Headless and Headed Modes: It can run browsers in headed mode, which provides a more visual debugging experience, or headless mode, which eliminates the need for a graphical user interface and speeds up test execution.
  • Auto-Wait APIs: Playwright eliminates the need for manual sleep or wait for commands in test scripts by automatically waiting for elements to be ready before acting on them. This feature aids in producing tests that are less erratic and more dependable.
  • Network Interception and Mocking: It can intercept and modify network requests and responses. This is useful for testing applications under different network conditions or with mock data.
  • Multi-Page and Frame Support: Playwright manages complex web apps with multiple pages, iframes, and pop-ups, allowing for comprehensive testing of web applications.
  • Mobile Emulation: This feature simulates mobile browsers with device-specific settings and touch events, making responsive web design testing essential.
  • Parallel Test Execution: Playwright can run multiple tests simultaneously, saving time on large test suites.
  • Rich Set of Selectors: It simplifies web element interaction by providing text, CSS, XPath, and custom selectors.

Here are some of the benefits of using Playwright –

  • Efficiency and Speed: The Playwright greatly expedites testing by automating browser interactions. This is especially true when paired with its parallel test execution capabilities.
  • Reliability: Tests become less flaky and more manageable due to the auto-wait feature and strong element selection procedures.
  • Extensive Testing: Playwright facilitates extensive testing of web applications, guaranteeing their compatibility with various settings, by supporting many browsers, handling complex web elements, and mobile emulation.
  • Developer-Friendly: Playwright’s API supports multiple programming languages and is user-friendly and intuitive for developers and testers.
  • Cost-effective: Playwright, an open-source cross-browser testing tool, eliminates the need for multiple tools and services.

Overview of Faker.js

A well-known open-source tool called Faker.js is made to produce enormous volumes of fictitious data for testing, database filling during development, and producing realistic-looking sample data for demos or presentations.

It is especially helpful when real data is either inappropriate, unavailable, or insufficient to test all of the application’s functionalities. Developers and testers in web development, mobile app development, and data science projects use Faker.js to generate mock datasets using its simple API.

Here are some of the key features of Faker.js –

  • Nearly Any Data Type: Faker.js generates names, addresses, phone numbers, emails, dates, and random lorem ipsum text. This diversity lets you create realistic, detailed data sets that match reality.
  • Localization Support: Support for multiple locales is one of Faker.js’s most notable features. The ability to generate country- or language-specific data is invaluable for internationalized applications that must be tested with regional data.
  • Customizability: Faker.js supports custom data generators and many predefined data types. Developers can extend the library to produce data tailored to their application or testing needs.
  • Usability: Faker.js is meant to be simple to use and integrate into your project, even with its robust features. Developers can generate fake data with minimal setup using its intuitive API.

Here are some of the benefits of using Faker.js –

  • Enhanced Testing: Faker.js lets developers create realistic datasets for testing applications, ensuring they can handle various input data. Applications are more reliable and robust.
  • Development Efficiency: Faker.js saves developers time and effort by automating the creation of mock data, which would otherwise be spent manually creating test data. This efficiency speeds development and frees time for feature development and innovation.
  • Improved Data Privacy: Avoiding real personal data in testing and development helps comply with data protection laws. This is particularly important in early development stages or when demonstrating applications.
  • Versatility: Faker.js’s wide range of data types and localization support make it useful for web and mobile app development, data science, and more.

Integrating Playwright with Faker.js for Automated Form Filling

A potent way to speed up web application testing is to integrate Playwright with Faker.js for automated form filling. This integration makes it possible to simulate accurate user interactions with web forms, improving automated tests’ quality and dependability.

Below is a comprehensive guide on setting up an integration environment, configuring a project to use both Playwright and Faker.js, and executing automated form filling effectively.

Here is what you should do to configure a project to use both playwright and faker.js –

  • First Setup: Initiate a new Node.js project by running npm init in your terminal. Next, create a new project directory.
  • Installing Dependencies:
  • Install Playwright using npm install playwright. This will allow you to automate browser tasks.
  • Install Faker.js using npm install faker. This library will be used to generate the fake data for form filling.
  • Project Structure: Divide your work into files like formFilling.js for the automation script and dataGenerator.js for Faker. js-generated fake data.

Automated Form Completing: A Comprehensive Guide

Here is a complete guide to completing an automated form. Let us go through the steps involved

Using Faker.js to Generate False Data

  • Import Faker.js into dataGenerator.js using const faker = require(‘faker’);.
  • Make use of Faker.js methods such as and to create functions that return bogus data for various form fields, such as generateName(), generateEmail(), etc.

Using Playwright to Navigate to the Form

  • In formFilling.js, import Playwright and the data generator script.
  • Launch a browser and open a new page using Playwright’s API.
  • Navigate to the web form’s URL using the page.goto(‘your_form_url’) method.

Filling Out the Form with Faker-Generated Data

  • Use the page.fill(selector, value) method to fill text fields with data generated by Faker.js.
  • For dropdowns, use page.selectOption(selector, value) to select an option based on Faker-generated data.
  • Handle radio buttons and checkboxes by using page.check(selector) or based on the element type.

Handling Different Types of Form Elements

  • Text Fields: Use the fill method with appropriate selectors.
  • Dropdowns: Identify the select element and use selectOption.
  • Radio Buttons and Checkboxes: Use a check or click depending on the action required.

Submitting the Form and Verifying Successful Submission

  • Submit the form using
  • Verify the submission by checking for a success message or redirection using page.waitForSelector(successMessageSelector) or page.url().

Best Practices for Automated Form-Filling

Automated form filling necessitates following best practices to guarantee your tests’ effectiveness, dependability, and maintainability—especially when integrating tools like Playwright and Faker.js.

Here are some best practices to consider:

  1. Use Descriptive Variable Names

Use clear and descriptive names for variables, especially when storing data generated by Faker.js or selectors used by Playwright. This makes your code more readable and maintainable.

  1. Modularize Your Code

Break down your automation scripts into smaller, reusable functions or modules. For instance, separate the logic for generating data, filling out forms, and verifying submissions into different functions or files. This approach enhances code reusability and simplifies debugging.

  1. Implement Error Handling

Incorporate error handling to manage scenarios where the form might not load, selectors might change, or data might not meet validation criteria. Use try-catch blocks in your scripts to catch exceptions and log them for review.

  1. Validate Data Before Submission

Although Faker.js generates realistic data, ensure the generated values meet the specific validation rules of your form fields (e.g., password strength, email format). This can prevent unnecessary test failures due to data format issues.

  1. Handle Dynamic Form Elements Gracefully

For forms that dynamically display additional fields based on certain inputs, use Playwright’s waitForSelector to ensure these elements are fully loaded before interacting with them. This is crucial for dealing with AJAX-loaded form elements or forms that change based on user input.

  1. Test Across Different Browsers

Use Playwright’s cross-browser testing features to ensure your form functions as it should in all major browsers. This aids in the early detection of browser-specific problems during the development process.

  1. Ensure Responsiveness and Accessibility

Use Playwright to test your forms in various viewport sizes to ensure they are responsive. To make sure your forms are usable by everyone, including those with disabilities, consider accessibility checks.

  1. Use Version Control for Test Scripts

You should use a version control system (such as Git) to store your test scripts. This process encourages teamwork, makes it easier to track changes over time, and makes it straightforward to revert to previous iterations as needed.

  1. Regularly Update Dependencies

Keep Playwright, Faker.js, and other dependencies up to date. New versions may include important bug fixes, performance improvements, or new features that can enhance your automated testing.

  1. Document Your Testing Strategy

Document the purpose and scope of your automated tests, including the forms being tested, the data generation strategy, and any assumptions made. This documentation helps to maintain the tests over time and is a great resource for new team members.

  1. Include Continuous Improvement (CI)

Automatically test code commits with CI pipelines and automated form-filling tests. This practice helps catch issues early and improves the quality of the software development lifecycle.

Testing web development and quality assurance solutions must be efficient, reliable, and scalable. Playwright and Faker.js will teach us about automated form filling, so we must highlight platforms that improve it.

Cloud-based platforms help scale, manage, and deploy automated tasks across various environments. One such platform is LambdaTest, which has automated testing tools and frameworks.

It allows developers and quality assurance specialists to test web apps on multiple browsers and devices. Because it supports automated and manual testing, it is a versatile solution appropriate for teams of different sizes and technical expertise.

With LambdaTest, you can test web applications on over 3000 real browsers and operating systems, ensuring consistent performance across all user environments.

Run Selenium automation scripts in parallel and seamlessly across different browser and OS combinations to reduce the time needed for thorough compatibility testing.

Popular CI/CD tools can be integrated with LambdaTest, allowing teams to add testing to their development pipelines and guaranteeing that every release satisfies quality standards.

During test sessions, directly log issues into various project management and bug-tracking tools to facilitate efficient communication and bug resolution within teams.

LambdaTest dramatically reduces the time and effort needed for thorough compatibility testing by enabling parallel test execution and offering a wide range of browser and OS combinations.


Automated form-filling enhances web development projects’ efficiency, accuracy, and reliability. The integration of Playwright and Faker.js offers a powerful combination for automating browser interactions and generating realistic test data. This synergy streamlines the testing process and significantly improves the quality of web applications by ensuring thorough testing under varied and realistic conditions.

As the digital landscape evolves, adopting automated testing strategies, including form filling, becomes increasingly crucial. Developers and QA engineers are encouraged to explore and implement these tools in their projects, leveraging  LambdaTest to maximize their testing capabilities and ensure their applications meet the highest functionality and user experience standards.

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